Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Argentina; Aruba; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Brazil; Canada; Cayman Islands; Chile; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Dominica; . American Oystercatcher – Haematopus palliatus. American Golden Plover Characteristics Range Habitat Diet Life Cycle Behavior. Adult Description. Large shorebird. Black head. Large red bill. Back brown. Underside white. Stout legs, dull pink. Bold white stripe in wings and white rump .

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The narrow white wing patch and white “V” on their upper rump both become visible in flight.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

These birds utilize two distinct feeding techniques, both of which are successful. Adult at Stone Harbor, New Jersey. American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus. There’s a role for everyone! Historically, the American oystercatcher was hunted to near extinction in the 19th century for plumage and eggs. Males and females look alike. The American oystercatcher breeds from April-July.

American oystercatchers usually breed between February and July and raise one brood per summer. In South America, this species occurs as far south as Chile and Argentina; they are also found locally on both coasts of Mexico and Central America, breeding as far north as Baja, California. Nesting habitats include upland dunes, marsh islands, beaches, and dredge spoil islands.

While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control. While most birds choose a new mate each year, some individuals remain with their partner throughout their lives. American oystercatchers attract their mates by performing courtship displays that include both visual and auditory aspects.


On soft substrates in Virginia, prey includes razor-clams Ensis Neotropical living in the southern part of the New World. Each egg is 2. Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Pair bonding occurs in the spring when both sexes arrive at the breeding grounds.

Many birds belonging to order Charadriiformes are long lived, including American oystercatchers. Communication and Perception American oystercatchers are very vocal, especially during the breeding season, when their breeding display is spectacularly auditory and visual.

Year-round Migration Breeding Non-Breeding. International Union for Conservation of Nature.

Status and conservation Not globally threatened Least Concern. Their major food items include soft-shell clamsblue musselssandwormsrazor clamsoystersand mole crabs. It has long pink legs and a long, bright reddish-orange bill. The reasons given are that the bird has a very wide range and that the total number of individuals is believed to be stable, and actually increasing in the case of haematopuss United States.

Among the several other oystercatcher species, American oystercatchers are the only species native to the Atlantic Coast of North America. Both parents care for the chicks.

Their call is loud, rising, and then descending. It winters from New Jersey south to South America. They are losing habitat to human disturbance and development along beaches, and to other birds. After a few quick thrusts pallitaus a chisel-like bill, the adducator palkiatus breaks, and the bird can consume the soft parts.

After haematopuss protection under the Migratory Bird Treaty Acttheir range extended northward to re-occupy historical habitat in New England. Range eggs per season 1 to 6 Range time to hatching 24 to 28 days Average fledging age 35 days Range time to independence 2 to 6 months Average age at sexual or reproductive palliagus female years Average age at sexual or reproductive maturity male years Both sexes invest substantial time and energy to raise their chicks.


While the eastern race has been studied both in winter and during the breeding season, the biology of the western race is poorly known.

American Oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus) :: xeno-canto

American oystercatchers are an indicator species whose presence in certain areas can help humans infer the environmental conditions of those sites. Views Read Edit View history. The legs are pink. Some American oystercatchers are also preyed on by black-crowned night herons and American crows. American oystercatchers first breed when they’re years old.

Their black head and haemmatopus, brown mantle, red eye ring, and yellow eyes distinguish this bird from other similar species.

Recommended Citation

George, palliztus Nol and Humphrey, Anti-predator Adaptations aposematic Known Predators snowy owls Nyctea scandiaca peregrine falcons Falco peregrinus American minks Neovison vison striped skunks Mephitis mephitis common raccoons Procyon lotor red foxes Vulpes Vulpes domestic dogs Canis familiaris domestic cats Felis domesticus American crows Corvus brachyrhynchos herring gulls Larus argentatus black-crowned night herons Nycticorax nycticorax Ecosystem Roles There are records of American oystercatchers and closely-related Eurasian oystercatchers engaging in kleptoparasitism.

Oystercatchers are closely tied to coastal habitats. Marine Ornithology Pacific Ocean body of water between the southern ocean above 60 degrees south latitudeAustralia, Asia, and the western hemisphere.